DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0713.6.84.2016.83118

Study of Corpus Callosum Size in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

L.G. Kirillova, A.A. Miroshnykov

Abstract


Some previous studies of the corpus callosum using magnetic resonance imaging revealed reduction in the area and size of the corpus callosum, as well as its individual sections in children with autism spectrum disorders. We used the database PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, Scorpus to find the researches on the sizes of the corpus callosum in autism using magnetic resonance imaging. The results obtained in different studies differed in the presence and regional features of reduction in the size of the corpus callosum. The main purpose of this study was to determine the significance and severity of reducing the sizes and area of the corpus callosum and its individual parts in children with autism spectrum disorders. Using magnetic resonance imaging, a study was conducted to determine the total area of the corpus callosum and its 5 parts in 23 children with autism spectrum disorders and 15 healthy children in the control group, who corresponded to the study group on the average age. A decrease in the area of the corpus callosum and all its parts was found in the study group.


Keywords


corpus callosum; autism spectrum disorder; magnetic resonance tomography

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