Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of Tension-Type Headache among Adolescents of Kharkiv
Keywords:tension-type headache, adolescents, prevalence, risk factors
The objective of this study — to determine the prevalence, risk factors and features of the clinical course of tension-type headache in the population of Kharkiv adolescents. We have carried out a screening study of 2,342 adolescents — pupils of Kharkiv schools aged 13–17 years using questionnaire, diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society; duration, severity of headache were determined, as well as the impact of headache on daily activities. It was found that the prevalence of tension-type headache in adolescents of Kharkiv schools was 61.1 %, while its rare episodic form was more common — 59.7 %, frequent episodic form — 33.8 %. The chronic form of tension-type headache was detected in only 6.5 % of adolescents. The most frequent risk factors were the unfavorable situation in the family, physical inactivity, smoking. The presence of tension-type headaches had a negative impact on daily activities of adolescents.
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