Current Opportunities of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Premature Infants

Ya.A. Martynenko

Abstract


The last trimester of fetal development extending into the first post-natal months is a period of the most rapid brain development. Infants who are born premature have high risk of brain injury. Neuroimaging has played an important role in the diagnosis and nursing of preterm infants. Both neurosonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are characterized by specificity and sensitivity enough to establish brain damage. MRI is not used as a screening method, but can provide specialists with high diagnostic and prognostic information. To date, in addition to a standard MRI, such techniques as diffusion tensor imaging and tractography, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, functional magnetic resonance imaging, volumetric studies, automatic segmentation of the brain are available. The combined use of conventional and advanced MRI techniques enables to determine timely the markers of the pathological child development and activities to reduce clinical manifestations.


Keywords


extremely low birth weight; prematurity; magnetic resonance imaging; neuroimaging

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0713.7.77.2015.78134

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