The use of nucleotides in diseases of the peripheral nervous system
Keywords:peripheral nervous system, nucleotides, uridine monophosphate, cyanocobalamin, folic acid, peripheral neuropathic pain
AbstractPeripheral neuropathy (PN) is a common condition with a preva-lence of approximately 8 % in the elderly. Neuropathic pain is significant in the general population and affects more than half of all patients with PN. The pathophysiology of PN is characterized by lesions of myelin-producing Schwann cells in peripheral nerves. Regeneration/protection of the myelin sheath after nerve damage is the main element of recovery in PN. The problem of neuropathic pain is becoming increasingly important for clinicians of various profiles due to the significant spread of pathology and difficulties in achieving a persistent therapeutic effect. Despite the large number of pharmacological drugs recommended for the management of patients with neuropathic pain, the choice of the optimal treatment regimen often causes difficulties for clinicians. Over the last decade, a group of so-called nucleotides has been used quite actively in medical practice. Additional information about the effects of this group of drugs is accumulated, and there is a gradual transformation, including their composition. Thus, recently the attention of researchers has been devoted to studying the effectiveness of the combination “uridine monophosphate + vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) + folic acid”, which is characterized by a fairly high safety profile and good regenerative potential. The objective of this article is to highlight the mechanisms of action and results of clinical use of this combination.
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