DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/2224-0713.4.98.2018.139429

Autism spectrum disorders: risk factors, features of diagnosis and therapy

I.A. Martsenkovsky, I.I. Martsenkovska

Abstract


The contemporary ideas about the interaction of gene polymorphism and environmental factors during the manifestation of autism spectrum disorders were discussed in this article. The screening tools were provided for assessing the development of a child, and both the provisional diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders by general practitioners and final procedure by a specia-lized doctor. The features of autism spectrum disorders in case of comorbid psychiatric disorders and general medical conditions were described. The article presents a model for the therapy of pervasive developmental disorders developed in the Ukrainian Research Institute of Social and Forensic Psychiatry and Drug Abuse, the features of using psychosocial interventions and drug treatment for comorbid psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Keywords


pervasive developmental disorders; autism spectrum disorders; diagnostic screening; functional diagnosis; psychosocial interventions; drug therapy

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